[TB] a principle author of beyondveg.com, who by-the-way stole that title
from one of my articles without permission several years ago, has a rather
interesting cyclic history of personal "failures".
He failed at fruitarianism, so he
concludes that fruitarianism can not work.
He failed at a raw diet, so he concludes
that raw diets can not work.
conveniently ignores the inescapable fact that our species, as
did every one of countless hundreds of millions of species of Life
on this planet, evolved on a totally raw diet.
He failed at a vegan diet, so he
concludes that vegan diets can not work.
The beyondveg website also advocates the
human consumption of raw flesh by presenting a long exposition of pseudoscience
about the "Paleo Diet".
TB also uniformly fails to consider the
quality issue -- that modern produce is highly deficient in
minerals and essential nutrients as a result of contemporary, chemical/petrochemical-based,
mutant-monoculture, mega-agriculture. He ignores the fact that
our closest genetic relative, the chimp, in addition to eating fruit as
the preferred food, also includes leaves and nuts/seeds in its diet, and
the strong possibility that these may supply some nutrients missing or
limited in fruits. He ignores the fact that commercial fruits and
vegetables simply do not exist in Nature, and that they have been genetically-manipulated
for hundreds, to thousands (mango), of years to support economic, certainly
not nutritional goals. He ignores the obvious fact that humans
are Tropical apes and should not be living in temperatures less than the
mid 80'sF and the thermal stress that this creates.
He conveniently redefines common words:
"Fruitarianism" being "75% or more (by weight) raw fruit".
several web pages titled Dietary
Problems in the Real World which purport to be "Bios
of vegetarians, ex-vegetarians, and others in search of health, not dogma..."
In summary, these biographies provide excellent
insight on how not to approach any raw diet, especially fruitarianism,
the common causes of these "failures" being:
ignorance of chemistry/biochemistry, thus
totally ignoring the chemistry involved in proper diet,
ignoring the quantity of nutrients eaten,
ignoring the quality of nutrients eaten,
ignoring serious signs of malnutrition,
ignorance of the dynamics of dietary change,
not understanding that ego reduction is
necessary to support any major change in diet,
not trying to determine the cause(s)
of specific symptom(s) of malnutrition and then
removing the cause by intelligently
adjusting the diet to correct nutritional deficiencies,
and, in direct contradiction to the alleged
"search of health, not dogma...", taking a rigid,
dogmatic, misologic approach to diet based on mindless faith and copying
some incompetent's advice or dietary system, as contrasted to an intelligent
approach to diet in an experimental/experiential mode, the method of which
being to dynamically tune the diet for optimum health.
critique follows the structure of the web pages, starting with Tom
Billings, principal failure. Note: text in default font
are direct quotes from the referenced web page.
TB: I am a long-time raw-food vegetarian,
and have (at different times) followed many of the common raw vegetarian
diets: fruitarian, natural hygiene-style, living foods. My current
diet is lacto-vegetarian (includes some raw dairy), 75-90% raw.
TB: My approach to raw foods is one
of realism, moderation, common sense, sanity, honesty, and staying open
to new information
Notice, no mention
of biochemistry, science, logical empiricism, Nature, our evolutionary
diet, or experientially tuning one's diet for optimum health.
"... realism, moderation, common
sense, sanity, honesty, and staying open to new information",
however, simply does not relate to biochemistry; and nutritional
biochemistry can not be properly addressed, analyzed, or even discussed
meaningfully with these absolutely irrelevant, completely nonscientific
This is the most common failure of both
lay people and "professionals" alike who try to discuss diet
(i.e. nutritional biochemistry) with non-biochemical, indefinable, untestable
concepts; it can not be done! This widespread abandonment
of biochemistry is the core reason for all the senseless nutribabble endlessly
circulating through contemporary alternate diet forums, books, lectures,
etc. Not being based on chemistry, all this talk is completely meaningless,
misleading, and ultimately dangerous!
TB: Once you actively think for yourself
on these issues, you will begin to realize that the extremists want to
sell you a simplistic, logically invalid philosophy, a philosophy that
is based on a false model of nature.
frequently manifests a projection of his own failures on others; his own
overly simplistic, illogical, and false concepts regarding Nature and
human diet will be revealed and analyzed in this critique.
TB: My other interests include ...
Ayurveda, the traditional medical/wellness system of India.
Here is the first
insight into TB's conspicuously illogical, anti-scientific belief system.
Medical systems of any local culture are
developed only by a society that perceives a need for medical
systems, and that need is based on the fact that the culture does
not teach its adherents how to live in a healthy manner; that is, the
members of the culture commonly experience "disease". If
the local society were living in a healthy manner, it would never develop
"medical systems" because every person would be as healthy as
all the other animals on the planet; and thus not "need" a "medical
system". Medical systems are based on the consumption of toxic
substances: originally toxic herbs/plants (herbology), then inorganic
poisons (homeopathy), and, most recently, toxic synthetic organic chemicals
(allopathy). Medical systems, with the sole exception of some forms
of naturopathy, try to mask/eliminate/drug away 'symptoms' rather than
try to discover the cause for the symptoms (faulty lifestyle) and eliminate
The Fruitarian Experience: 1970-1980
The first "failure"
is "Tom Billings: 30 years of transitions: from fruitarian
to living foods to lacto-vegetarian. Computer consultant, yoga teacher,
and San Francisco LiFE [a raw foods group] organizer."
"His career has included work in software/systems engineering,
plus marketing research and statistical consulting, with a B.S. in mathematics,
an M.A. in economics and an M.S. in mathematical statistics."
NOTE: his writing suggests he is totally
lacking in the fundamental sciences, such as chemistry and physics, but
rather the emphases is always on abstract, non-physical concepts (e.g.
fruitarian diet) that can not be explored with the scientific method;
this, in the sense of science being: knowledge, or a system of knowledge,
covering general truths or the operation of general laws especially as
obtained and tested through scientific method and/or such knowledge or
such a system of knowledge concerned with the physical world and its phenomena.
Thus, his "analysis" of, or talking about, human nutrition
and diet is fatally flawed from the outset because it is not based on
testable, measurable amounts of specific nutrients.
TB has reduced complex human biochemistry,
that encompasses hundreds of nutrients and enzymes, to a hollow exercise
in creative writing that can not be supported with facts or logic; even
though he claims to eschew dogma, he wallows in it, repeatedly, to the
detriment of his own health. Many examples will be given.
attempt at this modified "fruitarian" diet was while he was living in
Florida and he:
TB: ... had year-round access to
a wide variety of locally grown fruit (most unsprayed, some organic),
including a wide variety of citrus, mangos, avocados, as well as "minor"
fruits: papayas, bananas, carambolas, lychees, longans, coconuts, tamarind,
and other exotics. I was living in near-ideal circumstances to practice
Really?? "Near-ideal" circumstances
and food supply?? Absolutely NOT!
I live in south Florida and there is simply
NO soil here; the southern tip of Florida is porous oolite
limestone rock, thinly covered by sterile sand!
In fact, the preparation of the oolite rock
for planting the original orchards was to use dynamite to blast individual
holes into which the young trees were planted. Again, and of critical
importance, there is NO healthy SOIL here containing the necessary compliment
of minerals, microorganisms, or health-supporting soil fauna; just sterile
sand and porous oolite rock. Clearly, ANYthing grown here is
severely deficient in trace minerals and other nutrients. Thus,
Florida produce is essentially grown hydroponically, withOUT the necessary
nutrients supplied in the irrigation water, as is done in real hydroponics!!
NOTE: TB consistently ignores the QUALITY
of "food" issue; in spite of the fact that poor food quality is the most
serious crises facing people today.
TB: The writings of Arnold Ehret,
the major influence on me during this period, teach fruitarianism, but
the approach is a negative and foolish one (something that took many years
for me to realize).
into TB's intellectual process:
he does not elucidate his claims or support
them with facts or logic, and
it took him "many years" to detect
this alleged foolishness. It would seem that foolishness would be
readily apparent to a functioning intellect.
Arnold Ehret's writing by claiming that:
TB: Ehret taught ... "mucus," ...
is claimed to be the root cause of all disease.
Wrong, Ehret taught that excess mucus
and excessive consumption of 'mucus-forming foods' was the culprit.
Here, TB exhibits a fundamental problem with reading comprehension.
Mucus is made by the body in the amounts
that it needs - it is absolutely necessary to support animal life. It
is the pathological storage of excess mucus and toxins created
by conventional meat/dairy/grain-oriented cultural diets that Ehret was
struggling against with his personal medical problem: albuminuria (mucus
in the urine). Ehret, after the local medical system had failed
to relieve his condition, started experimenting with his diet and discovered
that certain "foods" produced excessive mucus, and certain other
"foods" did not. Ehret's book: Mucusless Diet Healing
System was the result of his personal experiments and is anecdotal,
not scientific. Ehret was a high school teacher and had no understanding
of biochemistry when he wrote and lectured in the early 1920's, so he
used his own made-up terminology and nonscientific observations to describe
his dietary experiments and observations. Ehret was a genius in
TB: Ehret's approach is unscientific
So what, Ehret
never claimed that it was scientific; Ehret had the courage to change
his diet, make observations, and try to present his findings to a sick
public in his own way. TB's approach is also "unscientific";
he presents no data, he measured nothing, and he ignores scientific fact.
TB: ... however this sort of misinformation
(mucus) is still being taught today.
Typical of TB's
own totally unscientific approach, this statement is meaningless. He
claims that "mucus" is "misinformation", yet mucus
definitely exists - one definition being: The free slime of the mucous
membranes, composed of secretion of the glands, along with various inorganic
salts, desquamated cells and leukocytes. Again, TB overlooks the
profound difference between mucus and the excessive amounts of mucus produced
by eating cultural diets.
TB goes on to
ridicule Ehret's concept of mucus-forming foods, which anyone can validity
by personal experience.
TB: My initial experience (1972 through
early 1973) with 100% raw fruitarianism, after I got past the first major
cleansing stages, was very positive indeed: my physical health improved,
the need for sleep decreased, I had lots of energy (some of the time),
and I had a pleasant "light" or "euphoric" mental feeling that I thought
was a spiritual feeling at the time.
At least he
seems to be aware that certain "major cleansing stages" were
necessary, many people are not and falsely conclude that they 'got sick'
on a clean diet. Unfortunately he does not reveal his previous health
problems which "improved".
TB: However, there were trouble signs,
even in 1972--emaciation, constant hunger, frequent weakness, and intermittent
Here are the
first signs of serious nutritional deficiency(ies?), but is the cause
sought out and eliminated?? No!
"Emaciation" implies a serious
protein deficiency and the loss of lean muscle. Since most raw fooders
do not experience hunger, and certainly not 'constant hunger', and Shelton
claims that true hunger is the body's signal that some nutrient
is depleted and is felt for a specific food, could this "constant
hunger" and his overpowering "cravings" be natural signals
that he was starving to death?
Were these symptoms really the result of
rigidly eating a commercial fruit diet of very poor quality?
TB: I went on a 4-day water fast.
The results were disastrous: my "light" mental feeling disappeared,
my strength vanished and I was weak and fatigued, and my weight dropped
to the life-threatening level of 88 pounds (40 kg; I am 6'1" = 185 cm
So, are we to
blame "fruitarianism" for an ill-advised FAST?
For the first
time: numbers! Clearly, this height/weight represents extreme
malnourishment, and certainly should be motivation to discover what the
deficiencies are. But, TB never considers the quantities of nutrients
consumed, so is oblivious to the fact that he is starving himself by rigidly
following a poor diet that presents unmistakable clinical signs of failure
and imminent danger.
TB: I was convinced then that fruit
was the "ideal food, and one true diet"--and my foolish belief in the
fruitarian "party line" nearly killed me.
Here, he boldly
admits that he was following a "foolish belief", and reveals
his total lack of application of intelligence to his experience in not
even trying to determine what nutrients(s) were insufficient and then
adjusting his diet accordingly. Note that this is in direct opposite
of the "... realism, moderation, common sense, sanity, honesty,
and staying open to new information" as
claimed, above. Note, this "foolish belief" "nearly
killed me". He was so emotionally committed to attaining an
impossible goal that he almost starved himself to death. Clearly,
the intellect was not functioning well at the time.
TB: ... extremely emaciated
(as many rawists/fruitarians are)
Yet how does one measure "extremely emaciated"??
Since all other species of animal on this planet evolved on and eat a
totally raw diet, and they certainly are NOT "emaciated" in the slightest,
again the problem is caused by the nutritional inadequacies of COMMERCIAL
produce, and TB's specific choices in diet. Notice, again, he projects
his own personal failure and condition onto others.
TB: I initially resisted, making
(and firmly believing) the false (and unscientific) argument that all
protein foods, including sprouts, create mucus, hence are toxic
Again, we are
faced with the total lack of meaning produced by the use of vague, non-quantitative
words, and TB's impressive capability to misinterpret other people's concepts.
What is a "protein food"? We
have no idea. The body needs protein, but how much? Human
adults require ~1/3% pro in their average diet. Problems
are produced either when too much, or too little, protein
is consumed, the quantitative aspect, and especially if animal
protein is consumed, the qualitative aspect. So, again, TB
demonstrates that he simply does not understand the chemical issues involved
as he continually ignores both the quantitative and qualitative aspects
of the situation. He finds it easier to understand simple, dogmatic
concepts, like "eat only fruit", than doing all that imperative
chemical thinking, and this was much to his physical/psychological detriment
and the reason that his writings are not based on fact or logic.
TB: I added [short] raw lentil sprouts
... to my diet, and I quickly started to gain weight and recover from
my starved condition.
This suggests that the ~9% pro in lentil
sprouts (shorter sprouting time would produce an even more concentrated
protein) may have solved his severe protein deficit problem, and maybe
he also picked up some cho, fats and/or trace minerals missing in the
local commercial fruit.
TB: I included lentil sprouts in
my diet for some months--until the end of 1973 (or so). Even when eating
sprouts, my diet was still 75+% raw fruit over the longer-term. My weight
returned to what was "normal" during the period: around 115 pounds (~52
would be about average for a healthy raw-fooder, certainly more healthy
than when he was 27 pounds lighter.
TB: Sprouts seemed to help me, but
they cannot compare in taste to fresh, never-shipped mangos (the mangos
in supermarkets are a poor imitation of fresh mangos).
Again the quality
issue. Sprouted seeds are certainly not a natural food item for
our species; they can be a useful trick, perhaps, but the reason they
do not taste good is that there are toxins and anti-nutrients in seeds
that prevent animals from eating or digesting them, or they have other
chemical protection from the animal world. Similarly, most leaves
are repulsive, and fruit is generally the only pleasant-tasting food.
The body of the plant, including roots, stalks leaves and the important
reproductive seeds, generally have toxic chemical protection that supports
the survival of the plant species. Fruit is the only plant part
that is 'intentionally' put our there for animal food, this in exchange
for the propagation of the seeds, and thus the species, by animals.
lentil sprouts "literally saved my life"...
TB: After my body weight normalized,
I slowly reduced the amount of sprouts in my diet, and they were eaten
only rarely during the remaining years of this period (i.e., 1974-1980).
Does this mean TB did not learn anything
from his previous self-induced-by-ignorance starvation experience??
So, he had recovered from this "crash" and next he dives back into the
obviously failed fruitarian diet...
TB: After fully recovering from the
crash, I experienced a period of about 2 years when the diet seemed to
work well for me, at least most of the time. During this period,
cravings were not a problem (in retrospect, I was probably overeating
both sweet fruit and avocados in the period). I refer to this period
as a "honeymoon" on the diet. Not only did the diet work, but I
achieved the "holy grail" of fruitarianism: I was on 100% raw fruit for
around 2 years. This is a goal that many fruitarians talk about, but very
referring to diet with theatrical concepts like "honeymoon",
"holy grail", "goal", and "achieve" emphasize
TB's approach to diet is that of rigidly following totally irrational
dogma, based on groundless emotions and mythical quests, and now even
yielding his health to a dogma that he had personally experienced to be
impossible to "achieve" and life-threatening under his circumstances
of poor quality fruit! There is clearly no intellect involved, here.
TB: I was on 100% raw fruit for around
2 years. I was frequently weak--followed by periods of hyperactivity--during
this period. This is the classic pattern of excess sugar consumption:
sugar highs, followed by sugar blues--which is why I say that I was probably
consuming excess sweet fruit during this period.
Again, any problems were not associated
with a healthy, mineral-rich fruit diet, without excess.
TB: I was probably consuming excess
sweet fruit during this period.
Perhaps exacerbated by an inherent problem
with sugar metabolism, too?
TB: my work took me overseas to a cold-climate
location, where fresh fruit was expensive and of poor quality. (I was
overseas about 20-25% of the time in the 1973-1978 period.) On one trip,
I lived on a mono-diet of mandarin oranges for one month.
A monodiet of citrus is particularly foolish;
citrus contains lots of free acids, and they dissolve the calcium right
out of teeth. Many fruit-diet experimenters have fallen victim to
this error, myself included.
[If you don't believe that citrus and other
acid fruits dissolve enamel out of your teeth on contact try this test.
Rub your teeth together; they will feel smooth. Eat an orange
section; rub, and they will feel rough, as calcium has been dissolved
from the surface. If one must eat citrus and pineapple, juice them
and drink the juice with a straw trying to minimize contact of the juice
with the teeth.]
TB ignores the obvious again: we are Tropical apes who should be in an
environment ~ mid 80'sF; certainly, NOT be in a "cold-climate". Obviously,
trying to maintain a low-calorie tropical diet in the cold while the body
is constantly losing heat is ridiculous; again, it's TB's personal failure
in analytical skills and judgment, not fruitarianism's failure.
I don't have
any data for Mandarin Oranges, so let's look at Florida Oranges vs. lentil
sprouts; 'short' sprouts would contain higher concentrations of
nutrients. Green cell background indicates higher concentrations
of nutrients for the sprouts.
|Ash (indicative of total
|Vit A, IU
|Vit E, mg
|Pantothenic acid, mg
|Vit B-6, mg
|Vit C, mg
So, we can readily
see why TB "quickly started to gain weight and recover from
my starved condition", as the sprouts
provided many times more of essential nutrients than oranges could; especially,
13 times as much protein! Clearly, the wasting of lean muscle
mass and the weight dropping to 88 pounds were indications of severe protein
TB: On one stressful, cold winter
trip (at the end of the honeymoon period), the heat was not working in
the place we were staying; consequently I had to freeze (and nearly starve)
for 3 weeks.
Again, TB's poor judgement and self-induced
stress, both thermal and nutritional, were responsible for creating his
TB: I returned to Florida, weighing
only 95 pounds (43 kg)--my second crash
So, he lost 20 pounds from his healthy weight
and did not do anything about that along the way? Note: he
never tries to ascertain the reason for the weight loss and correct
TB: I was able to quickly regain
weight by eating a diet that was mostly avocados,
A monodiet being a poor choice. He
was focussing on regaining weight, but never nutritional sufficiency.
Most people recognize a need for a varied diet.
TB: ...cravings for sweet foods (even
though my diet had sweet fruit as the dominant food type)
An anomaly perhaps revealing an inherent
problem with sugar metabolism. Most people can eat fruit for a while,
and then the body will clearly signal that enough sweet items have been
eaten, after which a salad becomes attractive. TB apparently does
not have, or recognize, this type of inherent feedback signal. Also,
apparently Virginia Vetrano, Shelton's protégé, reports
that protein starvation will cause cravings for sweets. Note: TB
never thinks about his protein source and amount (quality/quantity),
even after suffering severe weight and lean muscle loss on a fruit diet,
TB: I would occasionally eat candy
for the sugar cravings, but preferred to eat dates (which were addictive).
And he goes on to reveal other "addictions":
TB: one fruit that is even more addictive,
and most raw vegans are addicted to it. That fruit is: avocados!
Perhaps his body was trying to replenish
a severe fat deficit caused by his prior poor-quality fruit diet and stressful
immersion in a cold climate? Actually, "MOST (>50%?) raw vegans"
are not "addicted" to avocados, but perhaps this is an insight into TB's
addictive personality, both to irrational dogma and certain nutritionally-inadequate
Since avocados are essentially fiber-free,
they do not stimulate peristalsis and thus tend to move through the system
much slower than fibrous foods. They also have a high fat content
and thus do not digest quickly. And they tend to produce gas. All
of these characteristics tend to produce a bloated, heavy feeling in the
lower gut which TB may misinterpret as his coveted, but nutritionally-meaningless,
"filling and satisfying". So, again, TB may be exhibiting an addiction
to a misinterpretation of signals that supports a nonsensical cultural
dogma, rather than an understanding of proper nutrition.
Ex-drug "addicts" and ex-alcoholics generally
agree that it was not the chemical itself that was 'addictive', but rather
that their personality and social circumstances were the true cause of
the "addiction". Obviously, IF drugs, themselves, were addictive,
there would be no ex-drug "addicts". Similarly, people can
addict themselves pathologically to money, power, sex, work, religion,
etc. ... while most people can interact with these social constructs in
a reasonably healthy manner. Again, the person, not the thing, is
responsible for any negativity.
The Perils of Physical Purity
TB: On the fruitarian diet, your
sense of smell is sharpened considerably.
This is true, as any positive changes in
the diet will result in some sharpening of the senses as the internal
"noise" generated by a toxic body is reduced. Ever TB-like, he then
goes on to denigrate the obvious positive effect of such enhanced awareness.
The sense of smell is a protective and survival mechanism both to
attract one to proper food, and repulse one from toxic chemicals (and
TB: When you step on a bus or train,
you gag because of the smell of the people on board. You meet an attractive
person who also seems attracted to you, but you cannot get near them because
of the smell.
stink! The reason is that their cooked animal protein/fat is
not digested properly and thus it putrefies in the intestines by the action
of putrefactive bacteria that produce foul-smelling, toxic ptomaines,
such as indole, skatole, putrescine, muscarine, neurine, ptomatropine,
and cadaverine which then are absorbed into the body to disrupt healthy
biochemistry. My dietary experiments started in 1969 with eating
nothing but brown rice for several days, and after the second day, when
all the putrescent animal proteins were flushed out of the intestines,
I was absolutely amazed that my feces did not have the common, offensive
odor they did for the previous 3 decades, rather, they had the odor, color,
and texture of brown rice.
TB: I had to get a cholera inoculation
for my yellow "WHO" (World Health Organization) card. I went to
my doctor, and the nurse gave me the shot. I immediately passed
out, and broke out in a cold sweat. The nurse panicked (she thought
she had killed me), ...
This toxic, systemic shock may have paved
the way for further dietary "failure".
TB: During this period, I considered
myself to be spiritual, but I was very socially isolated. Social isolation
is a common and serious problem in rawism, as it is considered a "weird"
diet. Because I was harassed a lot about my diet...
TB's lack of understanding of the need to practice 'ego reduction' conjointly
with any serious dietary change. He was unable to deal with other
people's ignorance and intolerance with things they do not understand.
Also, his obvious (to everyone but him) severe malnutrition indicated
by his 88 pound bodyweight would invite commentary from others.
Phase-out of Fruitarianism: 1979-1980
TB: After years on the diet, I slowly
started to lose interest in fruit, dietary purity, and concern for the
"evil demons" of mucus and protein.
This emphasizes TB's inherent lack of interest
in, or comprehension of, the chemistry and nutritional aspects
of raw diets, and his consistent failure to consider the quantitative
and qualitative aspects of diet. Severe health problems are
associated with EXCESS protein consumption and EXCESS mucus production,
not mucus or proteins themselves, both of which are absolutely necessary
to sustain animal life.
Again, his primitive, overly simplistic,
mythological characterizations of mucus and proteins as "evil demons"
shows his lack of scientific understanding of diet, nutrition, or chemistry
at the most fundamental level.
TB: Cravings and hunger increased.
Are these not signals that the same deficiency
exists that he had previously created on a poor-quality fruit diet? TB
never seeks out the source of, or reasons for, these bodily signals.
TB: I was apathetic about being "pure."
approach to diet was NOT scientific or rational, but as a mythical quest.
TB: I literally burned out from the
powerful obsession with food that is required to be a 100% raw fruitarian.
Here, TB admits
that he has turned a simple, natural biological function, eating, into
a "powerful obsession with food", thus indicating the psychopathology
he has personally created surrounding this simple bodily function; a simple
bodily function with which all the other millions of animal species have
absolutely no problem. He, again, projects his own personal failures
onto others. People can also turn other natural functions, such
as sex, into obsessions too.
One wonders if this "powerful obsession"
would be manifest on a quality fruit diet? Certainly, one
is not obsessed with food if one is eating so as to be healthy.
Natural Hygiene-Style Diet: 1980-1989
Transition Period (end of 1980 to 1982)
Next, his dietary
shifts to ...
TB: After ending the fruitarian
diet, I returned to a conventional cooked vegetarian diet. It was
lacto-vegetarian, ... The foods that I ate passed through me and
came out the other end looking just like they did when I ate them.
This is incomprehensible, as are a lot of
his vague musings; does this mean that he did not chew anything??
On the other hand, was he so deluded as to think that 'normal' digestion
on a raw diet would produce the toxic, putrid, homogeneous, odoriferous,
constipating fecal mass as experienced by the meat-eater? As this
putrefaction of excessive, animal protein is not possible on a raw plant-based
diet, the identify of mono-meals will be preserved in the fecal mass;
that is: mangos will produce mango feces, apples will produce apple feces,
TB: This indicated a weak digestive
Interesting -- there is no such thing, digestion
is carried out at body temperature by enzymes, there is no "fire"
involved. His repeated attempt at reducing complex biochemical systems
to nonsensical mythological folklore is another insight in to his total
lack of intellectual functioning or application of science; there is no
logic in his writing, just flights of imagination and mythology. These
nonsensical concepts, this one from Ayurveda, are readily accepted as
fact by his nonfunctioning intellect.
TB: When one eats mostly fruit, it
passes through the body quickly (without causing gas or readily apparent
digestive upset), with, however, little change when it comes out as feces.
However, the lack of "gas or readily apparent
digestive upset" should be understood as a healthy process -- as it should
be -- the nutrients are within the cells of the plant material and when
food is properly digested it should leave the remaining cellulose/fiber
intact and identifiable as to source.
The only time feces will be significantly
different from the "food" is when that "food" is NOT digested properly
and then the residues support the proliferation of putrefactive bacteria
which significantly affect the chemistry/appearance of the feces. For
example, the toxic amines, foul odors, and hardened, constipating masses
of feces in the meat-eater are evidence of putrefaction and constipation,
NOT proper digestion.
Herein, TB exhibits a profound lack of understanding
Return to Raw (1982-1989)
TB: After being on cooked food for
a while, I returned to eating raw foods. I still considered myself
a fruitarian then, but nowadays I consider my diet in the period as being
closer to natural hygiene in style.
Again, the problem of obfuscated terminology:
fruitarianism is fruitarianism; Natural Hygiene, with fruit, vegs, and
nuts/seeds is very different, chemically. TB NEVER
mentions the chemistry of "foods" in a quantitative way, and never
mentions any specific nutrient, so he conveys no meaningful information!
This emphasizes the fact that popular nutribabble, which also ignores
both specific nutrients and quantities of them, is totally meaningless.
TB: I would alternate--months on
raw, then months on cooked, then back to raw, and so on.
Thus, no meaningful information can be drawn
from such yo-yo dieting, as the body never gets close to an equilibrium
state on any one diet.
TB: ... one could say that idealism
had a strong grip on me, specifically the simplistic, yet seductive (and
false) idea that fruit is the perfect food, and will guarantee perfect
This emphasizes a continuing obsession with
dogma and false concepts, rather than an ability to learn from personal
experience; this is a prevalent theme throughout TB's writings.
There is a difference between "idealism" and delusion, apparently lost
on TB. Again, there is no indication of a functioning intellect.
TB: I would go on raw to enhance
my health, then go off it when cravings became a problem. (My primary
problem, when raw in this period, was cravings.)
Now he is saying
that raw food enhanced his health, and cooked food reduced cravings but
the health declined? He does not consider that the "cravings"
were signals of malnutrition.
TB: My primary problem, when raw
in this period, was cravings.
Cravings for what??
TB: ... found that a more diverse
raw diet that included short sprouts--the root shoot of the sprout is
about the length of the soaked seed--worked much better for me (such sprouts
are filling and satisfying, helping reduce cravings)
Such sprouts are also a source of concentrated
protein (see table, above) perhaps helping him recover from possible
protein-starvation resulting from his other dangerous experiments, or
is TB revealing the common psychological obsession with the feeling of
"being full"; is that what his "cravings" are, in reality? (Avocados
create this "fullness" because they are fatty, do not digest quickly,
and tend to produce gas.) Culture conditions us to "eat to get full",
yet successful raw fooders quickly discover that the old, familiar "full
feelings" are symptoms of undigested cultural "foods", or indigestible
combinations, laying in the stomach, and after some retraining of expectations
come to favor the light, empty, energetic feeling after eating raw meals.
Generic Raw Vegan: 1990-1996
TB: I slowly increased the percentage
of sprouts (and green vegetables) in my diet and decreased the percentage
of fruit. This type of diet was easier to follow and more satisfying
than the preceding diets.
Did the sprouts and greens bring in protein
and trace minerals deficient in his commercial fruit diet? Probably,
but TB always ignores specific nutrients in favor of the simplistic
concept: diet. This is the glaring error in all his dietary "expertise".
Did the "more satisfying" mean that his nutrient deficiencies
were being resolved by addition of sprouts and greens, and that also resulted
in reduction/elimination of the mysterious "cravings"?
TB: I got addicted to dates again--an
addiction that lasted nearly a year. (I ate approximately 1 pound
or 0.5 kg per day.) Sugar was a real problem for me--probably a
legacy of my many years on sweet fruit, i.e., the fruitarian years.
Perhaps indicative of inherent sugar metabolism
problems? Most raw fooders do not develop such extreme behaviors.
People can "addict" themselves to all sorts of things: drugs,
sex, work, religion, money, power, irrational beliefs, crackpot diets,
etc... The error lies in the person, not the thing or activity.
TB: In 1994, chronic health problems
developed, and I turned to yoga and Ayurveda, the traditional medical/wellness
system of India, for help.
health problems"? As usual, the lack of meaningful details
prevents meaningful analysis. Ayurveda can not solve any health
problems because it is based on ancient superstition and folklore, and
like TB it is totally ignorant of biochemistry and nutrition.
TB: A blood test done in late December
1994 showed a serious deficiency of vitamin B-12
This obliviously was not discovered by Ayurveda
or yoga. Could this be a reason for his extreme behaviors, irrationality,
and obsessive ideation and behavior? Could this have caused long
term damage to the central nervous system that is reflected to this day
in his irrational writings?
TB: I now use vitamin B-12 supplements
first mention of a specific nutrient in his whole dietary
TB: I also dis-associated myself from Swami
Kailashananda (the raw foods yogi), as his behavior over a long period
led me to the inescapable view/opinion that he was thoroughly corrupt.
Why would it take a "long period" to make
this simple observation??
TB: I got into Ayurveda
This is where his fantasy of "digestive
fire" comes from. TB seems to compulsively and repeatedly fall into
other people's dogma with unquestioning faith, even though his personal
experience repeatedly demonstrates that such an anti-intellectual approach
produces severe problems.
It should be obvious that Ayurveda, like
ALL other medical systems, came from a culture that did not know how to
live in a healthy manner, for if the local culture provided a healthy
human experience there would never be any "medical system" developed by
it. Thus, all "medical systems" were developed by ignorant, sick
cultures and obviously can not produce health. Worse, "traditional"
systems were developed before anything was known about biochemistry, thus
they are nonsensical, and based on the "folk wisdom" of quite ignorant
ancient folks. This is the reason to avoid "traditional diets"
and "traditional medical systems".
TB: In 1996, under the influence
of writers and friends in the yoga and Ayurveda communities, I started
experimenting with raw dairy in my diet.
Notice; he was
"under the influence" of people; this is an emotional concept.
There is NO mention of any facts or logic that support human consumption
of raw dairy; there is none. The concept came from a culture that
considers cows to be sacred; the same culture that has deforested itself
to produce widespread starvation by both cooking and allowing cattle to
strip the land of its greenery to produce a desert.
The Current Phase: Lacto-Vegetarian, 75-90% Raw
TB: My current diet is 75-90% raw
and includes some dairy--mostly raw milk or yogurt
Obviously, raw dairy is not a part of our
evolutionary diet and the rest of the apes seem to do very well without
it. Does he really think he was suffering from a dairy deficiency,
all those years??
Note, also, that yogurt is used. Yogurt
is putrefying milk that is intentionally infected with bacteria. The
reason it is used traditionally, in cultures ignorant of biochemistry,
is that it is well recognized that cow milk can not be digested properly
by the human, so cow milk is allowed to putrefy somewhat so the bacteria
can break down some of the more complex, indigestible proteins.
TB: My diet includes sprouts, nuts,
avocados, raw vegetables, fruits, dairy, and other foods (raw honey, etc.)
vitamin B-12 supplements
Thus, eliminating his apparent previous
protein, mineral, cho, fat, and B-12 deficiencies experienced as a commercial
fruitarian. Then, ignoring that the current diet is obviously far,
far superior to his repeatedly-failed commercial fruitarianism experiments,
he claims that dairy, alone, is responsible for his improvements.
TB: Effectively eliminated physical
cravings; milk and yogurt are comfort foods and anti-craving Increased
sense of well-being; in other words, I feel better
Yes, indeed, dairy contains casein, a source
of (really) addictive opioid residues that will, opium-like, be felt as
a "comfort food". Perhaps the folklore about a glass of warm milk
inducing sleep is a result of these opioid residues. So, apparently
he has traded one set of psychological addictions for a chemical addiction;
however, is this progress? See Opioid Residue
section. He may also feel stimulated by the bovine growth hormones
in dairy. Search www.notmilk.com
TB: and also helped balance me, in
There is no
such thing as balance when referring to complex,
dynamic systems. This term is another piece of meaningless, nonscientific
folklore, and the concepts propagated by people who use it incorrectly
should be avoided or scrutinized very thoroughly. In fact, the word
can be a good quack detector, for the people who use this word in reference
to complex, dynamic systems are revealing a conceptual laziness and fundamental
lack of intellectual ability.
TB: There is another benefit of using
dairy: it helped free me from the negative mindset of vegan anti-dairy
Let's see, he
has freed himself from the "negative mindset of vegan anti-dairy
propaganda" and has now accepted the "positive mindset of the
pro-dairy propaganda", perhaps? Again, by abandoning science
and intellectual analysis, TB is hopelessly lost in a maze of nonsensical
propaganda, endlessly bouncing from one set of nonsensical concepts to
TB: Increased hydration (many raw
vegans are dehydrated--I was, before adding dairy to my diet).
This is an intriguing concept; however,
as it is not defined, it is incomprehensible. If one is urinating
regularly, how can one possibly be "dehydrated"? Clearly, raw fooders
are consuming lots (80-90+%) of water with every meal, and plant-eating
animals are most certainly not drying out.
Probably, adding dairy has caused some palpable
bloating, mucus storage, and fattening, but this should not be interpreted
as either healthy or related to "hydration". Again, "adding
dairy" solved the problem, not his significantly improved diet as
TB: Finally, I could appreciate the
gentle nature of Mother cow, and her generosity in sharing her milk with
There is no Nature in cows and no cows in
Nature; they are a grotesque genetic mutant, created by humans to be exploited
by humans for economic purposes.
"Generosity in sharing"?? Nope, this
animal is abused by being kept pregnant continually, being bred specifically
to produce huge udders and unhealthy amounts of milk, and would not voluntarily
associate with humans if it were a natural species. Natural animals,
wisely, avoid humans. This romantic notion of willful "generosity
in sharing" is clear evidence of TB's own behavior as "extremists
(who) want to sell you a simplistic, logically invalid philosophy, a philosophy
that is based on a false model of nature". Animals simply do
not walk up to humans and offer to share their milk or body with humans.
TB: P.S. Pardon the sarcasm, but
it would not surprise me if the preceding remarks motivate some "compassionate"
vegans to send me "compassionate" hate mail.
projection of his own faults onto others again. TB is well known
to send people who rationally disagree with his mindless dogma in public
forums personal "hate mail". He has done so to me and
others that have e-mailed me.
TB: My current diet includes about
10-25% cooked foods: mostly steamed vegetables such as broccoli, asparagus,
string beans. Lately I have been eating some rice, in the form of
khitcharee, a mixture of basmati rice and split mung beans, mildly spiced,
that is very easy to digest.
thinks his fruit did not digest, but he also believes that a concentrated
starch/concentrated protein mixture would digest properly. Here,
TB reveals his ignorance of Shelton's food combining for optimum digestion
concept, which can be validified by personal experience. If he also
ate poor combinations during his failed fruitarian experiments, this could
also be a cause of some problems.
Selected Lessons from My Dietary Experience
Fruitarianism in Retrospect
TB: In 1981, I learned of a type
of mental illness, something called anorexia nervosa, a type of eating
disorder. I looked back at my fruitarian years and wondered if I had had
an eating disorder then. At that time, my research was very limited, and
I did not reach any firm conclusions.
is an eating disorder made up of complex physical and emotional elements.
A person with anorexia severely limits food intake, has a distorted
body image, refuses to maintain a normal body weight, and is intensely
afraid of gaining weight, despite being very underweight. TB was
not concerned with intentionally losing weight; his obsession was in trying
to follow a mythical diet while eating poor quality fruit. His disorder
was intellectual in nature; his ignoring the qualitative and quantitative
chemical issues of diet.
TB: I was, in typical raw-fooder
fashion, very emaciated at the time.
fooders are typically carrying far less fat, stored toxins, and impacted
feces than cultural diet eaters, there is NO reason to call them all "very
emaciated", as humans evolved on a totally raw diet. Natural
animals, on their totally raw diets, are most certainly not "emaciated".
TB, at 88 pounds, was emaciated, but that was a result of his poor
dietary choices and his systematically ignoring the important qualitative/quantitative
TB: However, fruitarianism often
is/can be self-starvation caused by fear--fear of cooked food, protein,
mucus; these are a few of the many fears promoted by fruitarian extremists.
the intellect is not used; rather, "fear" is the motivation.
Thus, the error of taking an emotional approach to one's diet. I
have never seen these "fears" being promoted; perhaps, this
is another projection of TB's ego?
TB: I allowed the bogus fear of mucus,
and the drive to be "pure" (mucusless, per the title of Ehret's book),
to dominate me.
admission that TB wallowed in emotional negativity, and that his emotions
controlled his diet, not rationality or an experiment to determine optimum
health. Since Ehret's book was written in German, it is unknown
what his original German title was, or how accurately it was translated
into English without seeing the German version. Ehret did not
advise one to fear mucus, as TB suggests.
TB: Those extremists who promote
fear (of cooked food, protein, mucus) ...
Are there really
such people?? One should always seek out the reason(s) for dietary
recommendations, and check to see if they are valid and supportable by
rationality and scientific credibility. Obviously, one should not
make lifestyle decisions based on fear, as apparently TB does.
TB: The light feeling of a fruit
diet is ungrounded, airy, a feeling of apathy and not being connected.
his own admittedly disastrous results with their distortions of consciousness
to anyone eating a nutritious fruit diet is obviously impossible; another
example of his projecting his own failure onto others.
TB: ... in Ayurvedic terms, it may
indicate a vata imbalance in the nervous system
of TB's remarkable ability to embrace anyone's convenient dogma of the
day with blind faith while consistently abandoning rationality. Here's
a definition of vata;
does it make any sense at all?
"Vata governs all movement in the mind
and body. It controls blood flow, elimination of wastes, breathing and
the movement of thoughts across the mind. Since Pitta and Kapha cannot
move without it, Vata is considered the leader of the three Ayurvedic
Principles in the body. It's very important to keep Vata in good balance."
Is there any way to actually detect or measure
this mythical entity. Nope! Again, the misuse of the word
balance by falsely applying it to complex systems
should have raised the Red Flag of Incredulity.
TB: Other advocates disqualify themselves
by displaying the hostile, mentally unstable behavior of zealots (fanatics,
extremists). ... I was probably no better.
describes TB's approach to diet and his writing style.
TB: ...in my opinion, the biggest
criticism of fruitarianism is that it is dishonest in so many ways
A concept that is dishonest? A concept
may be valid or invalid, but people are the only entities that
can be dishonest. Thus, criticizing "fruitarianism" because of the
low quality of commercial, hybridized fruits is dishonest.
TB: Meanwhile, in reality, all the
great apes deliberately eat some animal foods, because that is their natural
Not so. Hunting and flesh-eating among
chimps is a cultural, not a nutritional, behavior. IF it were a
nutritional imperative, then all adults would consume it regularly,
and that is simply not the case, among the
chimps or the other apes.
TB: ... the fossil record provides
overwhelming evidence that the evolutionary diet of humans included animal
Here, TB demonstrates his well-developed
ability to distort the meaning of scientific evidence to support unscientific,
nonsensical claims. Clearly, animals eating a plant-based diet leave
no fossil evidence. On the other hand, the human "fossil
record" is the result of cultural practices and tools
(club, ax, knife, fire, ...), most certainly not natural phenomena. IF
flesh-eating were a part of the "evolutionary diet of humans", then WHERE
are the INSTINCTS for humans to kill and eat raw animal flesh?? Where
are our physiological tools to make it possible?? Do the misguided
believers in the crackpot Paleo Diet kill and eat their animals raw, with
their bare hands, as do all natural species that include animal
flesh in their diet??
This "fossil evidence" occurs
only in the cold climates where the natural diet of our species
does not exist, and the lack of proper vegetation in the cold months necessitated
Taking an animal species thousands of miles
away from its proper ecological niche, thus denying it access to its natural
diet, then inventing tools, culture, and domesticating fire, and finally
falsely claiming that this cultural behavior somehow is related
to the "evolutionary diet" of the creature is simply intellectually
dishonest. Invoking this very recent fossil record in an attempt
to 'prove' that the natural diet of our species included flesh is as meaningful
as archeologists some 10,000 years in the future looking at today's garbage
heaps and similarly falsely inventing our "evolutionary diet"
from this recent cultural evidence. It can not be done!
TB: The extremists who proclaim themselves
as perfectly healthy, when they are so emotionally unhealthy that they
cannot respond to criticism of their ideal diet in a civil, rational manner.
exactly this behavior; again projecting it on others. He personally
caused so much chaos on a raw food mailing list that he caused himself,
John Coleman, and myself to be thrown off that list, as John and I had
presented rational counter-arguments to his groundless dogma. He
also has a reputation of sending personal hate e-mail to people that disagree
with him in public; again myself, and others have experienced this juvenile
Lessons from the Natural Hygiene Phase
Avoiding the Trap of Worshiping Herbert Shelton
Who claims we
should worship Shelton?
TB: Although I disagree with Shelton
on a number of points
are given or explained. As usual, no facts or logic are presented
to support TB's beliefs. Shelton's dietary recommendations are pretty
simple: all raw, fruits/vegetables/nuts-seeds, properly combined for optimum
digestion. What are TB's disagreements?
Other Lessons in This Period
TB: A diverse raw diet in which fruit
is only a minor component is better than a diet in which fruit is the
dominant food, as sweet fruit (with its ample sugar content) promotes
Since humans are frugivorous apes, a predilection
to fruit is quite natural, as it is with the other apes; however, (undefined)
"cravings" are unnatural. Nowhere does TB define these cravings,
nor seek out their source. Apparently, Virginia Vetrano reports
that protein deficiency may produce cravings for sweet foods. Well-nourished
people experience neither 'hunger', nor 'cravings'. TB has seemingly
traded his (undefined) "cravings" for opioid addiction via bovine beverage;
is that progress?
At least, here is the first admission that
a diverse diet is recommendable; however, the benefit may be more
from the minerals and other nutrients in the non-fruit foods, rather than
some unsupported claim that "sweet fruit promotes cravings".
TB: A long-term pattern of frequent
short-term changes in diet (e.g., frequent rapid shifts from cooked to
100% raw and back) is not good for you in the long run--it disrupts digestion
and promotes cravings
Is that what caused some of TB's problems?
How it "disrupts digestion and promotes cravings" is left to the
fertile imagination. Note: no support for these kinds of far-reaching
assertions is ever given. Previously, too much fruit caused "cravings";
now it is flip-flopping between raw and cooked.
TB: It is wise to be very skeptical
of the "experts" and "diet gurus," especially if their writings contain
a lot of nonsense and very little factual content.
You will notice
that this describes TB's writings perfectly -- no facts, no logic, no
analysis, no science. Again, his frequent projection of his own
flaws onto others.
Lessons From the Last Two Phases (1990 to Present)
TB: Raw diets do not guarantee perfect
or even just plain old "excellent" health. My own health problems
and those of others (friends and rawists on the email listgroups) attest
TB never even attempted to consume
a quality raw diet, he did not attempt to eat sufficient quantities
of specific nutrients, he merely ping-ponged between different, totally
inadequate diets, and subjected himself to repeated thermal stress. The
"failures" of the few do not invalidate the successes of the many. There
are many thousands of people who are quite pleased with their results
on a raw diet.
If all the other species of Life on this
planet manifest perfect health on a raw diet, and humans are the only
species that "fails" on a raw diet of commercial produce, then
it would seem obvious that the poor quality of the commercial human diet,
thermal stress, and the validity of the human's understanding are the
causes of any problems.
TB: By the way, wild animals eating
a raw, truly natural diet often die of disease.
Often?? Here's where some credible data would help, but we get
none; just TB's authoritative, unsupported assertions. It should
be obvious that humans are the sickest species on the planet; the only
one with rampant, diverse "degenerative" and acute diseases.
TB: ... or you have swallowed the
lie that medical doctors are bad. See a qualified health professional
if you have problems; ...
do not have any background in nutrition, about one out of four medical
schools give short courses in orthodox nutrition. Medical doctors
make their money by trying to control natural biochemical processes with
unquestionably toxic, synthetic chemicals that have never been in the
human body in our evolutionary past; they do not try to promote health,
healthy diets, or healthy lifestyles. Orthodox nutrition is little
more than advertising propaganda of the food cartels as it promotes the
false Four Food Groups model of nutrition. There is very little
research into raw diets, or optimum human
diet. Where would one find a "qualified health professional"
that has any theoretical or experiential understanding of raw diets??
TB: If one has enough faith in something,
it often works, ...
faith in commercial fruitarianism almost killed him, repeatedly.
TB: but it is also ego and ignorance
that drives the extremist to believe that THEIR "knowledge" of nature
and its laws is perfect and complete
TB's attachment to dietary dogma perfectly.
TB: Nature has many mysteries, and
healing is, at least in part, one of them.
is concentrated in the human domain; the only way to health is to try
to emulate the natural condition, especially diet, and let our genetic
programming do its job. That is not particularly mysterious.
TB: Be open to new ideas and information.
new-to-TB ideas: commercial fruit and vegetables are of very poor quality;
it is important to consume a sufficient quantity of various nutrients;
the other frugivorous apes consume leaves and nuts/seeds; when you weigh
88 pounds, you may have a serious protein deficiency; talk about diets
that ignores the specifics of biochemistry is totally meaningless.
Agribiz is developing "new ideas"
regarding the genetic manipulation of food crops to increase industrial
profit by recent "advances" is biotechnology; should we really
embrace the totally untested frankenfoods currently being dumped into
our food supply without our knowledge or consent?
TB: When you are open to new ideas,
a whole new world awaits you.
Like his other
simplistic dogma, this one is faulty; he ignores the fact that ideas may
be credible or foolish. Nowhere does he try to determine the credibility
of the concepts he holds or propagates.
TB: I invite you to join me--and
the others on this site--in exploring this world, the world called reality.
Here's a piece
of reality TB consistently ignores: the only language that enables one
to discuss human nutrition in a valid manner is biochemistry, and all
dietary diatribe that ignores chemical thinking is totally meaningless,
like the great majority of the beyondveg website.
TB: You can learn from my mistakes...
FINALLY, an admission that HE made mistakes;
his personal errors, however, do not invalidate any possible successful
experimentation with nutritious high-quality foods in the proper thermal
Still, he does NOT identify his mistakes
and correct them. E.g., he now lives in San Francisco, a cold, damp,
essentially sunless environment, very different, and much more stressful,
than our proper Tropical ecological niche. So, his body is still
under constant thermal and nutritional stress, and deviations from the
human evolutionary diet are necessary to cope with this stress.
His personal choice to live in an environment unnatural for our species,
however, does NOT invalidate our evolutionary diet, our evolutionary biochemistry,
or our proper ecological niche.
TB: ... for years, I tried to forget
parts of my fruitarian experience
Instead of learning from it? Another
indication of unhealthy mentation.
TB: Encouraging you to think for
yourself is a prime goal of this site. My writings, and those by
others on this site, are an antidote to the nonsense and misinformation
promoted by dietary extremists.
Sounds good, yet there is no analytical
thinking apparent on the site.
The fundamental and critically-important
concepts of the quality and quantity of "foods" and specific
nutrients is uniformly ignored. The only language applicable for
both thinking about, and communicating about, "food" is biochemistry,
yet biochemistry is totally ignored. Nowhere in this article does
TB even try to determine his nutrient deficit(s) and then endeavor to
correct them. He is hopelessly lost in a conceptual maze of irrelevant,
nonsensical, abstract philosophy (ideal diet, filling and satisfying,
Ayurveda, etc.), and he remains so to this day; thus, he is totally unable
to detect, comprehend, or eliminate his serious nutritional deficiencies.
He consistently ignores the fact that commercial produce is of very
poor nutritional quality, and that it has been genetically-manipulated
for economic purposes, such as size, shipability, etc., most certainly
not for nutritional quality.
There is no rational, scientifically-credible
thinking presented in this article, or on beyondveg in general, just pseudoscientific,
anti-vegetarian/vegan propaganda, apparently written by similarly "failed"
vegetarians/vegans, the purpose of which is to take the responsibility
for "failures" from the errors or misadventures of the "failed"
individual and pin it on a specific meaningless philosophy, while promoting
yet other unsupportable and meaningless philosophies.